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EAL Funding in Kent

EAL Funding Available for Kent Schools - April 2020 - March 2021

In 2013 the decision on how EAL funding would be deployed across each Local Authority was delegated to Schools Funding Forums. This is reviewed annually.

In Kent it was agreed that 100% of the funding would be allocated to schools dependent on the number of EAL learners within each establishment.

The following information is designed to help schools complete the October Census, ensure access to the correct levels of funding to support their EAL pupils and help to narrow the attainment gap. It is available for more pupils than many schools realise.

This funding factor is limited to EAL/bilingual pupils who have been enrolled in English schools for a maximum of 3 years following receipt of a new Unique Pupil Number (UPN). The funding follows the child.

How Do We Know if a Child is EAL?

EAL - The Department of Education Definition:

A pupil’s first language is defined as any language other than English that a child was exposed to during early development and continues to be exposed to in the home or community. If a child was exposed to more than one language (which may include English) during early development, a language other than English should be recorded, irrespective of the child’s proficiency in English.

EAL - The Ofsted Definition

English as an additional language (EAL) refers to learners whose first language is not English.

These definitions therefore cover the following:

  • pupils arriving from other countries whose first language is not English
  • pupils who have lived in the UK for a long time and may appear to be fluent, but who also speak another language at home. These pupils are often not entirely fluent across all literacy levels
  • pupils who have been born in the UK, but for whom the home language is not English (e.g. Bengali children who are born in the UK, but arrive at school with very little English due to having spoken only Bengali at home and within the community)
  • pupils who have a parent who speaks a language other than English and the child communicates with that parent using their first language (i.e. bi-lingual children).

How Much Funding is Available for EAL Pupils?

  • Primary - £535
  • Secondary - £1440

This applies to:

  • EAL learners already resident in the UK starting in Yr R (funding starts in Yr1)
  • Newly arrived EAL learners to the UK
  • EAL pupils who have been registered as EHE and are starting school for the first time.

How is the Funding Allocated?

Funding is triggered when a child is registered as EAL (i.e. their language code is given as a language other than English) in the October Census.

What Information is Used on the Schools' Census to Indicate a Pupil is EAL?

Language Data is required on for all pupils. First language code is used for this.

 “The school must not ascribe a specific language to the pupil. This information must come from the parent / guardian or pupil.

 You should only use codes ENB (not known but believed to be English) and OTB (not known but believed to be other than English) where all the following conditions apply:

  • pupil’s first language is not known with absolute certainty
  • parents have not responded to enquiries
  • school can judge with a high degree of confidence whether the pupil’s language is English or not.

Where a parent / guardian or pupil declines to provide a first language, you should record it as ‘REF’ (refused).”

Complete the school census, Department for Education Published: 30 July 2019 Updated: 26 November 2019.

Many schools miss out on EAL funding because bilingual parents declare English as their child’s first language instead of the language used at home. If this is the case the school should have a conversation with the parents, emphasising the benefits of being bilingual.

Accurate data collection during admission is essential to ensure schools:

  1. receive funding for all eligible EAL learners
  2. effectively monitor the outcomes of EAL learners and target support.

When is the Funding Paid?

Funding for an EAL child picked up in the October census is paid to the school in the following April if an local authority maintained school and September if an academy.

If a child enters the school after the October census date, then their funding will be the April after the next October census. However, the funding continues for 3 years.

Funding is available for children in Years 1 to 11.

If a child is entered as EAL in Reception, then the funding will start in the April of Year 1 and continue for 3 years.

If a pupil arrives in Year 11 after the October Census, they will not receive the funding in Year 12.

To Summarise

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